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Located in the southern part of the Chihuahua, Mexico with a population over 101,000, Hidalgo del Parral was named after Miguel Hidalgo who is considered the 'Father of the Country.' According to legend, Juan Rangel de Biezma picked up a rock on the Cerro la Prieta (La Prieta Hill), licked it and proclaimed “There is a mineral deposit here.” That deposit produced silver for 340 years and shaped Parral as a major mining settlement. Influenced by the historic presence of Spaniards, the city is recognized as one of the most European-fashioned cities in Mexico. Associated with several historical figures, Parral is most celebrated for its association with Mexican revolutionary leader Pancho Villa, who was assassinated there on July 20, 1923.
The most popular event of the city is the annual staging of the Murder of Pancho Villa, along with the annual Cabalgata Villista, a long-distance horse ride of thousands entering the city on horseback. Recreation props are used to re-enact the historical event, as well as coordinate the Cabalgata Villista.
In 1984, a Sister Cities Agreement was signed between officials from Santa Fe and Parral, acknowledging their many cultural and historical ties with the goal of strengthening cultural and educational exchanges between the cities.